Publications: Peer-reviewed journal articles (by staff)

Factors influencing biodeposit production by the New Zealand freshwater mussel Echyridella menziesii

  • Collier KJ,
  • Clearwater SJ,
  • Neijenhuis PHMW,
  • and Wood SA
29 March, 2017
CITATION

Collier KJ, Clearwater SJ, Neijenhuis PHMW, Wood SA 2017. Factors influencing biodeposit production by the New Zealand freshwater mussel Echyridella menziesii. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research: 1-15.

DOI link here

ABSTRACT

Laboratory experiments on the New Zealand freshwater mussel Echyridella menziesii were used to investigate the short-term effects (7–8 days) of food type on rates of biodeposition and benthic substrate respiration. Post-feeding biodeposition rates ranged from 0.34 to 1.52 mg g−1 h−1 (mean = 0.50 mg  g−1 h−1) and were unaffected by the addition of toxin-producing Microcystis. Addition of suspended sediment (30 mg L−1) visibly altered substrate composition, and increased total and inorganic biodeposit production rates by 24–33% compared to mussels fed commercial phytoplankton stock. Biodeposition rates of mussels in lake bed substrates were 38% higher than those in silica sand for identical feeding regimes, suggesting that a significant proportion of material produced in this experiment could have been derived from feeding on organic matter in the lake bed sediments. Respiration rates were higher in treatments with Microcystis but were unaffected by the presence of mussels. This laboratory study suggests that biodeposition by E. menziesii is resilient to short-term exposure to Microcystis, and highlights the ability of mussels to alter benthic substrate composition by incorporating suspended sediment into substrates.